Guidance and Counseling Research Center
"Student guidance" is direction and assistance provided for the purpose of enhancing each student's social skills and initiative, while respecting personal qualities and fostering individuality. "Career guidance," on the other hand, is direction and assistance provided for the purpose of cultivating abilities and attitudes to enable schoolchildren to reflect on their own ways of living and become active in making choices about their own future.
The Guidance and Counseling Research Center conducts surveys and research to inform administrative planning in student guidance and career guidance, and also provides expert assistance and advice to boards of education, schools, and other bodies.
The principal activities of the Center at present are described below.
The Survey on Problem Behavior in Schoolchildren has found more than 120,000 cases of truancy among elementary and lower secondary school students every year since fiscal 2000. This poses a major challenge to these students' capacity to attain social independence in future. In order to advance preventive measures against truancy, the Guidance and Counseling Research Center is working in partnership with prefectural boards of education to implement a survey on "creating attractive schools" that can cultivate a "zest for living." Implementation of the survey is being commissioned to 31 different prefectural governments.
In addition to furthering activities under this project, the Center is working to communicate its outcomes throughout Japan through Block Consultative Meetings on the Survey and Research Project for Creating Attractive Schools. The meetings, which are held in three regional blocks across Japan, bring together persons involved in the project, those engaged in guidance of schoolchildren in prefectural and municipal boards of education, and school staff members to hear reports on initiatives under the project and engage in discussion.
With the aim of helping to prevent and address problem behavior in schoolchildren, such as bullying, violence, truancy, and juvenile delinquency, and promoting the healthy development of schoolchildren, the Center has commissioned all 47 of Japan's prefectural governments to conduct its project for (a) the development of regional networks through lateral initiatives for cooperation and partnerships among schools, families, community members, private organizations, and related bodies in fields including education, public health, medical care, welfare, law enforcement, and judicial affairs, and (b) fundamental investigation, analysis, and development of measures addressing issues in the guidance and healthy development of schoolchildren in each region. In addition to furthering activities under this project, the Center is working to communicate its outcomes throughout Japan through Block Consultative Meetings on the Project for Development of Integrated Student Guidance Partnerships. The meetings, which are held in three regional blocks across Japan, bring together persons involved in the project, those engaged in guidance of schoolchildren in prefectural and municipal boards of education and school staff members to hear reports on initiatives under the project and engage in discussion.
Once annually the Center holds a meeting to present and disseminate the findings of its research and thereby contribute to the development of student guidance in Japan. Attended by members of staff from prefectural and municipal boards of education, this meeting involves presenting and exchanging information and discussing trends in problem behavior among schoolchildren and approaches to their sound development. This furthers shared awareness of strategies for student guidance and the latest developments in the field, and strengthens student guidance systems in which schools can work in concert with families and the community.
There is now an urgent need for enhancement of life guidance to make schoolchildren aware of the purposes of study and work, and initiatives to equip them with the capacity to make their own career choices. In acknowledgement of the importance of the issue, the Center has conducted multidirectional, multilateral surveys and analyses to identify changes in career consciousness among children in the context of today's rapid social and economic transformations. A collection of career education resources has been produced and distributed to prefectural boards of education and other bodies.
In order to advance an organized and systematic approach to career education across all educational activities at different stages of the school system, the Center has conducted surveys and research to gather information on activities, analyze problems, and investigate practical approaches to career education. A pamphlet to promote career education for teachers has been produced and distributed to schools, boards of education, and other bodies throughout Japan.
In order to foster improvements in career guidance into the future, the Center holds an annual research forum for supervisors in charge of career guidance in boards of education at prefectural and designated city level and teachers taking leadership roles in career guidance in elementary, lower secondary, and upper secondary schools. Lectures on approaches to career guidance are held along with discussions on research findings and activities for information exchange.
In an effort to help address the problem of bullying, the Center is building a database of case studies on community initiatives to address bullying problems in elementary, lower secondary, and upper secondary schools and information on bodies offering bullying-related consultation services (boards of education, education centers, child guidance centers, police stations, etc.) and using it to furnish information to education-related bodies such as prefectural boards of education and education centers, schoolchildren, their parents and guardians, and other parties.
The Center has compiled a list of guidance materials produced for teachers by boards of education at prefectural and designated city level and informational materials targeting schoolchildren and their parents and guardians. The Center envisages that this list will aid further enhancement of research on fundamental policy issues in student guidance and career guidance, and the provision of support and advice to educational institutions.
|Study on Teaching Methods for Preventing Bullying and Violence||Leader: SAKKA Fumio
Period: FY 2007-FY 2009
|< Outline >
Based on the results of a basic survey on bullying and violence in pilot schools, empirical research was carried out to draft guidance materials for teachers about proactive measures for the prevention of bullying and violence.
|Basic Research on Violent Behavior in Elementary School Students-Underlying Causes and Response Measures||Leader: TAKI Mitsuru
Period: FY 2006-FY 2007
|< Outline >
This study involved a survey on the existence of violent behavior and violent tendencies in elementary schools to determine underlying causes and response measures, and further evaluations and trials of those response measures.
|Basic Research on Violent Behavior in Elementary and Lower Secondary Schools-An Explanation of the Manifestation of Violence in Elementary Schools and the Association between Elementary and Lower Secondary Schools||Leader: TAKI Mitsuru
Period: FY 2007-FY 2008
|< Outline >
The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of violence occurring in elementary schools and the various underlying causes thereof, and to determine the relationship between violent behavior in lower secondary schools and violent behavior in elementary schools and other potential forms of violent behavior.